Kikuube soils are ferralitic and generally acidic. However, they have adequate organic matter especially on the lower slopes and in the valleys. The soils are typically loam and deep on the valley slopes but tend to be shallower on the upper slopes. Soil erodibility is low, rainfall erosive is generally moderate. The water table is high with soils frequently water logged.
The soils of Kikuube are defined by a number of parameters, which include parent rock, age of soil and climate. As mentioned in the paragraph above the most dominant soil type is ferralitic soil. Productive soils are scarce, therefore, fair and low productivity soils in some parts of Kabwoya Sub County along the lakeshore and partly Buhimba.